Year 4-6 Learning Continuity

23rd September: TPSA 11 Complex Sentences

This is the eleventh session of the Teacher and Parent Support and Awareness programs for Years 4-6.

Focus: Complex sentences


  • Madam Lovelyn Pitawao
  • Madam Beverly Hanirara
  • Madam Marilyn Tapidaka
  • Mrs Christina Rore (MEHRD)


In our previous sessions we looked at the types of sentences that learners need to know and as teachers and parents how can we support them.

In our last radio session the types of sentences were:

  • Simple Sentence,
  • Compound sentence, and
  • Complex sentence        

Then we looked at compound sentences

  1. What is a compound sentence?
  • A compound sentence is a sentence which consist of two independent clauses joined together by a comma and coordinating conjunction.
  • The coordinating conjunctions are:

FANBOYS: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So

-He was tired, for he went to bed early.

-I cooked dinner, and he washed the dishes.

-Tom has a red car, but Anna has a blue car.


Today’s session: Complex Sentences

A complex sentence is a sentence which has an independent clause and a dependent clause (subordinate clause).

N.B: The dependent clause begins with subordinating conjunction. Examples of subordinating conjunctions: after, although, because, before, even though, however, if, since, so that, unless, when, while, whenever.


I washed the car after I came home.

He went to see a doctor because he was sick.

Even though she was late, she managed to complete the assignment.

We will now look at:

What is an independent clause and dependent clause?

Independent clause:

  • An independent clause (main clause) is a clause that can stand by itself, also known as a simple sentence. It contains a subject and a predicate; it makes sense by itself.
  • An independent clause can be joined by using a semicolon or by using a comma followed by a coordinating conjunction (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So)

Dependent clause:

  • A dependent clause is not a complete sentence. 
  • It must be connected to an independent clause to give us a full meaning.
  • Examples:
    • where Mary lives
    • what John studies

What is a conjunction?

  • A conjunction is a word used to join or connect other words or groups of words.
  • Without conjunctions, sentences sound unconnected.

The main three types of conjunction are:

  • Coordinating conjunctions

-common coordinating conjunctions are: and, but, or, nor, so, yet, for

  • Subordinating conjunctions

-common subordinating conjunctions are: after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, now that, provided, since, till, unless, until, when, as long as, as much as, as soon as, as though, how, if, in order that, so that, than, that, though, whenever, where, wherever, while

  • Correlative conjunctions

-correlative conjunctions are; both….and, either…..or, neither…….nor, not only…..but also, whether…..or, just as …, if…….then, when…….then, so…..that


Year 4 Activity (complex sentence) 

Choose the correct verb

  1. Teachers (have/has) many students.
  2. The students in my class (love/loves) to study math.
  3. Parents (sign/signs) permission slips for students to go for a picnic. 


Year 5 Activity (complex sentence)

Choose the correct subordinate conjunction.

Example: I’m going to the bank (because/since) I need some money.

  1. I made lunch (before/as soon as) I got home.
  2. He decided to trust Tom (since/when) he was an honest man.
  3. Jennifer decided to leave Tom (as/by) he was worried about his job


Year 6 Activity (complex sentence)

Identify the dependent clause in these following sentences.

Example: He won’t be able to get well, unless he goes to the clinic.

  1. The children watched the TV Programme, while mother was cooking.
  2. She returned the radio, after she noticed it was damaged.
  3. Although he was wealthy, he was still unhappy.


Thank You teachers, children and parents for taking your time to be part of this session today             

Our session today has come to an end and look forward to our next radio session in which we will continue to work together in helping our students and children in their education.

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  • The radio program was very useful, it would be also best if it is in another multimedia form.

  • If I may be provided with all the above eLearning materials. I tried my very best to download all the materials, but won’t able to do so. since others did not have any download links.

  • Can we get all the teacher and student guides upload on this website. This will be very helpful for kids doing home school during this pandemic

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