Year 4-6 Learning Continuity

16th September: TPSA 10 Sentences Continued

This is the tenth session of the Teacher and Parent Support and Awareness programs for Years 4-6.

Focus: Sentences continued

Presenters:

  • Madam Lovelyn Pitawao
  • Madam Beverly Hanirara
  • Madam Marilyn Tapidaka
  • Mrs Christina Rore (MEHRD)

Recap:

We asked the question: What is a sentence?

  • A sentence is a group of words that tell a complete thought or idea.

For example,Anna ate an apple”.

It is a complete thought because it tells us what the subject (Anna) did to the object (the apple). The sentence tells us what she ate. We don’t need any more information for the sentence to make sense.

We also found out the difference between a clause and a phrase:

A  clause is a group of words in a sentence which contains a subject and a verb. Eg. The boy is playing. The boy is the subject and playing is the verb.

A sentence can contain one clause, or it can have more than one clause.

A sentence can also have a phrase, however a phrase by itself is not a sentence.

A phrase does not make sense by itself and is not a complete thought or idea. For example, in the field does not give us enough information to understand the sentence.

There are several types of sentences that our children need to be able to make in order to write meaningful sentences when they write a story or any of the other types of writing we have already learnt about.

The types of sentences are:

  • Simple Sentence,
  • Compound sentence, and
  • Complex sentence    

Simple sentences contain one independent clause (main clause) with no dependent clauses (subordinate clause).

Eg.

  • The boy cried.
  • Solomon Islands is a beautiful country.
  • The girl ran into her bedroom.
  • Some students like to study in the morning.

 

Today’s Session:

We will continue looking at the types of sentences that learners need to know and as teachers and parents how can we support them. As we have discovered in our last radio session the types of sentences were:

    • Simple Sentence,
    • Compound sentence, and
    • Complex sentence     

Now we will look into the second (2nd) type of sentence which is compound sentence

 

  1. What is a compound sentence?
  • A compound sentence is a sentence which consist of two independent clauses joined together by a comma and coordinating conjunction.
  • The coordinating conjunctions are: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So

                                         FANBOYS

Examples:

  • He was tired, for he went to bed early.
  • I cooked dinner, and he washed the dishes.
  • Tom has a red car, but Anna has a blue car.

Again, we will look at:

What is an independent clause?

Independent clause:

  • An independent clause (main clause) is a clause that can stand by itself, also known as a simple sentence. It contains a subject and a predicate; it makes sense by itself.
  • Independent clauses can be joined by using a semicolon or by using a comma followed by a coordinating conjunction (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So)

Dependent clause:

  • A dependent clause is not a complete sentence. 
  • It must be connected to an independent clause to give us a full meaning.

Examples:

where Mary lives

what John studies

What is a conjunction?

  •  A conjunction is a word used to join or connect other words or groups of words. 
  • Without conjunctions, sentences sound unconnected.

The main three(3) types of conjunction are:

Coordinating conjunctions

  • common coordinating conjunctions are: and, but, or, nor, so, yet, for

Subordinating conjunctions

  • common subordinating conjunctions are: after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, now that, provided, since, till, unless, until, when, as long as, as much as, as soon as, as though, how, if, in order that, so that, than, that, though, whenever, where, wherever, while

Correlative conjunctions

  • correlative conjunctions are; both….and, either…..or, neither…….nor, not only…..but also, whether…..or, just as …..so, if…….then, when…….then, so…..that

 

Year 4 Activity (compound sentence)

Combine the two sentences using ‘and’

  1. The cat watches the mouse. The cat watched the bird.
  2. The pencil is sharp. The pencil is yellow.
  3. The table is square .The table is high.

 

Year 5 Activity (compound sentence)

Choose the correct coordinating conjunctions to complete the sentences

(for, and ,nor, but, or, yet, so)

  1. She ran out of money ________ he had to stop going to the casino.
  2. They had no ice-cream left at home _______ did they have money to go to the market.
  3. I really need to go to work _______ I am too sick to drive.

 

Year 6 Activity (compound sentence)

Choose the correct coordinating conjunctions to complete the sentences

(for, and ,nor, but, or, yet, so)

  1. We won the game ________ the tournament.
  2. She wants to succeed ______ she works hard.
  3. Someone needs to help my teacher _______  else she will fall down.
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Comments

  • The radio program was very useful, it would be also best if it is in another multimedia form.

  • If I may be provided with all the above eLearning materials. I tried my very best to download all the materials, but won’t able to do so. since others did not have any download links.

  • Can we get all the teacher and student guides upload on this website. This will be very helpful for kids doing home school during this pandemic

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