Year 4-6 Learning Continuity

12th August: TPSA 5 Expository Writing

This is the fifth session of the Teacher and Parent Support and Awareness programs for Years, 4-6.

Focus: Expository Writing

Presenters:

  • Madam Lovelyn Pitawao
  • Madam Beverly Hanirara
  • Madam Marilyn Tapidaka
  • Mrs Christina Rore (MEHRD)

Expository Writing:

For today’s session we will look at the structure of an Expository Writing. Like all the other genres or types of writing, an Expository or Exposition has a structure.

Some examples of Expository or Exposition writing:

  • Letters to the editor, Advertisements, Newspaper editorials, etc……

And, remember an Expository or Exposition – is a mode of writing in which the purpose of the author is to inform, describe or define his or her subject to reader ( in order to express an opinion, take a stand on an issue or to argue to convince others)

Therefore the structure of an Expository or Exposition is as follow:

Title  
Introduction/ Orientation (who, where, when, why)

Statement of Position

  • tells the reader what the argument is about
  • may include background information
Body/ Sequence of events (what happened)

Use connective words (First, Then, Next, Later or firstly, secondly, thirdly, etc…)

Argument:

  • This section includes:
    • evidence or ideas,
    • to justify the position taken
    • include supporting evidence  such as quotes or statistics.
  • Usually has more than one point and includes examples linked directly to the argument
 

 

Conclusion/summing up:

Restates argument in the light of the evidence given.

May call for action.

Now we will look at an example of an Expository or Exposition writing:

Again, we will go through the five (5) steps in the writing process once more. Like we did for recount and narrative writing but now it is Expository or Exposition writing.

Step 1: Planning Stage
  • think & discuss (individually, pair & group)
  • use the question leaders (who, where, when, what, why & how)
  • here they can either draw pictures or draw a concept map
Step 2: 1st Draft
  • write out their exposition quickly
  • you can have them read out after
Step 3: Revise
  • check for meaning
  • ask these questions: “Does it make sense?” Or “Does it sound strong?”
  • this is when they can add adjectives and adverbs to make their story interesting
Step 4: Edit
  • fix it up
  • when to check for spelling, punctuation (capital letters, full stop, comma, question mark, speech mark) and grammar (tenses of verbs)
Step 5: Publish
  • display work in the classroom
  • read to an audience
  • here they celebrate their achievement
Title Mangroves
Introduction/ Orientation (who, where, when, why)

Statement of Position

  • tells the reader what the argument is about
  • may include background information
The mangrove is an important coastal ecosystem around the lagoons and islands of Solomon Islands. Thus the purpose of this writing is to inform people about its importance. This is to help them see why they are responsible to protect the mangrove. For if our people together we look after the mangrove we will protect the environment.
Body/ Sequence of events (what happened)

Use connective words (First, Then, Next, Later or firstly, secondly, thirdly, etc…)

Argument:

  • This section includes:
    • evidence or ideas,
    • to justify the position taken
    • include supporting evidence  such as quotes or statistics.
  • Usually has more than one point and includes examples linked directly to the argument
Firstly, the mangrove ecosystem includes more than ninety different types of trees.  They come in different sizes and appearance, but are alike as they are all specially adapted to live in salty waters around the coast.

Secondly, mangroves are source of food and shelter for a large number of birds and marine animals including larger animals such as crocodiles.

Thirdly, mangroves are like a breeding ground and place for many types of marine animals to lay their eggs.

Finally, mangroves provide a safe environment in which young animals can live and grow before moving out into deeper waters.

Conclusion/summing up:

Restates argument in the light of the evidence given.

May call for action.

In conclusion, we have seen the importance of mangrove and that each part of the mangrove ecosystem such as the trees, smaller plants, insects, birds, fish and other marine animals rely on reach other for survival. Therefore if we take out or disturb any part of this ecosystem, the future of the mangroves may be threaten. Hence I call on all our good people who are citizens of Solomon Islands to look after the mangroves in ours islands.

Distinctive Features

Characters: Usually generalised (e.g. people, young people, the government, the church) not about specific people or characters.

Verbs: Variety of verb types are used including persuasive verbs (such as; should, ought to, must)

Tense: Varies, usually present tense, but the tense changes with the argument. Historical background may be given in the past tense (eg. this is how things were before the coup) or a call to action may be presented in the future tense (“Go out and tell your friends…”).

Language Features:

  • Technical vocabulary reflecting to the issue, as ‘ Marovo’s marine ecosystem’
  • Conjunctions are often associated with logical reasoning such as: therefore, because, thus.
  • Strong language is often used to persuade and convince (such as: must, should, ought.
  • Uses arguments, facts and evidence to convince.
  • Reported speech and quotes are common, for example; “A member of the public stated that …”, “Residents of Honiara say that …”
  • Language which evaluates such as “It is important that …” “It is necessary to …” People must…”

Style: Persuasive and strong. The voice or opinion of the author can be clearly identified.

Again, teachers and parents ensure that students or children acquire the basic understanding of what involves in writing. So that students or children are enhanced to use these steps in the writing process and the structure in writing competently. This will prepare students to be able to write confidently and competently as they progress to secondary education.

 

Conclusion:

  1. I have the same 2 questions to ask you on what has been covered in our session today:
  • What is the genre or the type of writing you’ve learnt in today’s session?
  • Can you briefly explain the meaning of it (this genre or type of writing)?
  1. Again, you can write your own expository or exposition.

 

Tips for parents to support children at home;

  • Demonstrate positive attitude about education to your children
  • Monitor your child’s television, video and internet usage
  • Encourage your child to read
  • Pay attention to what your child loves
  • Don’t over schedule your child
  • Practise what your child learns at school
  • Be a role model for learning
  • Promote Literacy by reading to your child
  • Talk each day with your child or children about their activities
  • Set up daily family routine

Thank You teachers, children and parents for taking your time to be part of this session today            

Key Messages

  • MEHRD and NGO around the country would like to work together to support our children and young people with their education in communities.
  • We are putting in place a project to support learners whether schools are open or not (in relation to Covid–19).
  • The project aims to reinforce learning through traditional knowledge, values and customs. To reintroduce story – telling of custom stories through media.
  • As NGOs, FBOs, community committees, etc. If you would like to know more about this project and possibly support activities in your community please get in touch.
  • Phone numbers 7402612 & 8972620.
  • Our website iresource.gov.sb
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Comments

  • The radio program was very useful, it would be also best if it is in another multimedia form.

  • If I may be provided with all the above eLearning materials. I tried my very best to download all the materials, but won’t able to do so. since others did not have any download links.

  • Can we get all the teacher and student guides upload on this website. This will be very helpful for kids doing home school during this pandemic

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