PPY Maths: Addition and Subtraction

Today’s Topic: Maths – Addition and Subtraction

Presenters: Nestor, Sama and Diana

Target Audience: Teachers and Parents


Recap from previous week: 

What are social and emotional skills?

 Social and emotional Skills: how learners will develop an awareness of personal identity, values and Christian identity.

In this lesson we will learn about the obedience that we will practice one of the value that help our children to have a good character by demonstrating love, integrity, perseverance, respect, and gratitude.

What is obedience?

  • Obedience is accepts and respects authority, does as told, follows instructions.
  • For examples: People demonstrate obedience when they follow the law, children show obedience when they obey their parents and their teachers.

Children you have already gone through this lesson and I want you to answer my few questions:

  • Did your follow your parents and guardians at home?
  • Did you follow your teachers at school?
  • Did you listen and follow your grandmother and father?
  • Did you listen and follow your chief at home?


Today’s Lesson: Focused learning area mathematics

THEME: symbols of Addition & subtraction

What is mathematics?

Mathematics is to help us to understand and describe the natural world.

In this lesson we will learn about the two symbols of Addition & Subtraction on how to use of symbols to represent numbers and emerging concepts.


What is Addition & Subtraction?

Addition & Subtraction is to put objects together to add and take away objects to subtract.


Activity 1. Now children let us talk about some different ways that you can practice, how to add & take away objects.

  • Count how many of each object.
  • Count to put away objects.
  • Work with numbers.
  • Subtract to find the difference.
  • Add to find the sum.


Song about one, two, three.

One two three we all step in.

One two three we all step out.

One two three we move our toes, clap our hands and touch our nose.

Tre-la-la-la-la-la (4x).


Activity 2: There are ways that can help us on how to add & subtract.

  • Use ordinal numbers – first, second, third (1st, 2nd, 3rd)
  • Fill in the missing numbers.
  • Colour the numbers with pictures.
  • Write the numbers in the boxes.
  • Understand the concepts of addition & subtraction.
  • Write the numbers which is less in the box.
  • Matching the numbers.
  • Play with the numbers.

Activity 3: Name some ways that children will know the symbols of addition & subtraction

  • Connect the mathematics symbols ( + and – ) to the mathematics concepts.
  • Solve word problems using children and concrete materials.
  • Re-tell, draw or role-play with the symbols.
  • Request favourite stories about addition & subtraction through symbols with children.
  • Display the picture of the two symbols in the classroom.

Resources appropriate in mathematics areas.

Symbols of addition & subtraction, simple maths book, A4 papers, crayons, pencils, colours, glue, stones, seed, shells,  rhymes about numbers, string, coconut shells, pictures with numbers, bottle tops,  bottles and water.

What are the roles of Teachers and Parents in Mathematics Activities?


  • Demonstrate and show examples of the two symbols of addition & subtraction for children in the classroom.
  • In the classroom we teachers must display the two symbols for the children.
  • Teachers must construct an activity to require the learner to identify the simple numbers through addition & subtraction in the class.


  • Parents must show some ways of sharing foods or other things at home.
  • Give some extra work about numbers for your child at home.
  • Involve your child to play with numbers.
  • Check your child works at home.
  • Being able to take responsibility for your child needs.
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