- 4th May: The Importance of Playing
- 11th May: Talking and Listening
- 18th May: Caring
- 25th May: Caring (Continued)
- 1st June
- 8th June
- 15th June
- 22nd June – Reading and Telling Stories to Our Children
- 30th June – Literacy and Language Development
- 10th August
- 17th August: PPY Maths
- 24th August: PPY Science
17th August: PPY Maths
Presenters: Nestor, Sama and Diana
Target Audience: Teachers and Parents
Today’s Topic: PPY Mathematics
Recap from previous episode:
PPY has 6 learning areas:
- Language and Literacy
- Social Studies
- Social and Emotional
- Sensory Motor and Health
Language and Literacy Learning Area
- Listening and Speaking: is very important in our talking during conversation time every day at school and at home. For example, children will learn listening and speaking skills during talk time and story time where students participate in talking, sharing news, listening to stories from the teacher and answering questions about the stories. Sometimes children retell or dramatise the stories.
- Reading: In reading strands, children identify and read letters and blend letters to make words.
- Writing: Children will learn and practice pencil grips and how to scribble on paper, along with letter formation and positioning all letters.
- Literature: Children will learn print awareness
Today’s Session: Mathematics
The Mathematics Learning Area has three strands:
- Numbers and Operations
- Shapes and Measurement
- Simple Statistics
Numbers and Operations
Children learn handwriting based on simple basic patterns before they begin to write number formation by practising how to write numbers by themselves.
- handwriting – basic patterns then number formation
- write numbers with the correct amount of objects
- arrange numbers in correct order eg. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
- count the amount of objects they can see
- basic addition and subtraction.
- Addition example: Grandmother gave her two grandchildren 2 bananas each. The two children put their bananas together on their table and count 4 bananas altogether.
- Subtraction example: Children put 5 stones in a group then remove 2 stones. They count the 3 remaining stones.
Shapes and Measurement
- Children learn simple shapes such as circles, squares, rectangles, triangles, diamonds, hearts and ovals.
- They also describe the shape of things that they see around them eg. table, egg, plate, roof of house, etc.
- Examples of measurement include:
- pouring a cup of water into a jug
- using a stick to measure the length of a cupboard, table or chair
- comparing their height with other children
- Recording the amount of numbers.
- Example 1: When two groups of children are playing games, whenever each group wins, they will put a lemon aside. At the end of the game, the teams will count the lemons that they have and record the winning group.
- Example 2: Planting seeds – children count how many days before the seeds start to germinate and record them in a book. They then record how many days it takes for leaves to sprout out.
In all three of these areas, children learn mathematics everywhere, whether in the classroom, the playground or at home.
Mathematics Resources for PPY
Number charts, pictures, flash cards, shells, stones, A4 paper, crayons, pencils, colours, sticks, seeds, empty boxes, rulers, coconut shells, leaves.
Roles of Teachers and Parents
- Plan and prepare lessons each day after classes
- Creativity in planning
- Provide appropriate resources based on the topic, including shells, stones and sticks.
- Keep tidy and attractive displays in Mathematics corners
- Present to teach every day
- Assist child to do homework at home
- Encourage maths concepts – eg. cutting a melon in half and sharing with others, counting objects and their colours, simple addition and subtraction
- Can purchase numbers charts at the shop to spend time using at home
Reminders for Teachers and Parents
All PPY Teachers are reminded that in order to teach quality and and effective maths lessons, they need to plan and organise their time wisely. Use the Pre-Primary Year Teachers Guides, Resource Books and any additional information provided to help you prepare your lessons. These resources are available here: http://www.iresource.gov.sb/pre-primary-year/
Teachers should also make sure the learning environment supports maths teaching and learning.
Parents can help children learn maths skills by involving them in daily routines. Food preparation provides opportunities when peeling and washing food. Children can be encouraged to share food or count the number of items of food, etc.